How To Burn Wood
Wood needs plenty of air to burn well. To ensure you get the best, most efficient burn from your wood and to ensure that the volatiles are burned, you should ensure that new wood added to a fire or stove is burning well before reducing the air supply. A ‘clean burn’ produces very little smoke and tar, which are bad for health and the environment.
Following the below points will help to ensure clean burns:
Start a fire using good quality dry kindling, to make an open fire 'draw' when first lit by holding a newspaper in front of the opening with a gap at the bottom. This will restrict the air flow, making the fire 'draw' and produce more flame at the start.
Burn only well-seasoned untreated wood. Burning 'green' wood produces less heat into the room as heat is used to ‘drive off’ the water in the form of steam.
Small hot fires
Burn small hot fires, which produce minimal smoke and tar.
Supply of logs
A log basket or other storage near the fire is a good idea as you can bring in a couple of days supply of logs and get them really dry next to the warmth of the fire.
Burn logs that are 4-6” in diameter. Fires burn better with more surface area exposed to the flame.